What is Hapkido?
Hapkido is a Korean art of self-defense. As in any Martial Art, Hapkido structure has more than 270 major techniques, with the possibility of more than 10,000 variables. The addition of 3,864 attack and defense techniques, to the multitude of counter attacks and combinations, make for endless flexibility. It is this unique advantage of Hapkido that makes it so interesting and peculiar. Some may wonder how one can learn and master 10,000 techniques. It is not so difficult as it may appear. Once the fundamental techniques have been mastered, it is quite easy to learn and perform the many variations. The fundamental techniques of Hapkido are classified as follow: empty hand against empty hand, empty hand against a weapon, and weapon against a weapon.
Each category is divided into offensive and defensive techniques and each of these have joint locking and striking techniques. Within the joint locking techniques are included twisting, throwing, paralyzing, and strangling techniques. Within the striking techniques are included kicking, punching hitting, cutting, and stubbing. The techniques with weapons include dagger holding, dagger throwing, sword, log knife, club, cane, pole, stone holding, and stone throwing techniques. In using various weapons for either offense or defense, there are various position techniques, standing, sitting, and lying down.
MEANING OF HAPKIDO
HAP – UNITED, TOGETHER, CONCENTRATED
KI – POWER, STRENGTH
DO – WAY, PATH, ACHIEVE, EXECUTE
Hapkido is achieved when my own power and the power of my opponents are united together.
PRINCIPLES OF HAPKIDO
- Make a circle like a gem (Principle of the circle)
- Make flow of the water (Principle of the way)
- Make a unit with the opponent (Principle of the sum)